INGLATERRA, ESTADOS UNIDOS Y EL MONTONERISMO COMO ENFERMEDAD INFANTIL DEL PERONISMO.

British Territories in the South Atlantic Ocean.

Probablemente en este informe seco y de una inadvertida franqueza casi envidiable queda perfectamente claro que los britanicos no solo tienen excelentes comunicaciones radiales con lo que eufemisticamente denominan Territorios Britanicos en el Oceano del Atlantico Sur, sino también planes estratégicos de largo plazo. Así ,desgranan algunas reflexiones sobre el trafico aereo futuro,como piensan encarar la estrategia, la diplomacia, los negocios hacia los paises de apoyo de las islas -en particular el Uruguay- y realmente lo poco preocupados que estan por las declaraciones de gente como Alberto Fernandez y el nacionalismo apergaminado de la Cancilleria. Un nacionalismo mas declamado que real,ya que acepta al Tribunal Internacional de Justicia, extraordinaria contradiccion en un país que todavía no ha cerrado sus heridas internas y en eso espera, claramente ,que el problema lo resuelvan otros.

De una forma un poco curiosa y ratificando aquella vieja frase que era un plagio inevitable de Lenin: "el montonerismo como enfermedad infantil del peronismo" el gobierno -y el evitismo forma extrema de esa cronica enfermedad- está abriendo varios flancos externos de forma simultánea y a la vez poco práctica.

Apoyo al movimiento de Evo Morales en Bolivia, apoyo y reconocimiento a un Fidel Castro que se encuentra en el peligroso Codigo Naranja de todas las fuerzas políticas que cuentan en el mundo, incluso en la propia izquierda socialdemócrata europea que es la que realmente interesa, traslación de la interna argentina al Uruguay, pretendiendo crear una doctrina de Derechos Humanos made in Argentina, incursionando en algo pateticamente poco creible como ser la extension de los desaguisados argentinos en la materia para todos los paises de la región, deterioro de las solidas relaciones con Chile mediante operaciones combinadas de espionaje, dentro de la misma internacional es conveniente destacarlo, que en nada favorecen a los dos paises, finalmente la lenta espera de que Bush -ya que de eso se trata- sea liquidado en noviembre en beneficio de un candidato demócrata, como si esto cambiara substancialmente las cosas.

Hillary Clinton, Dean o la kriptonyta del general Clark cambiarían la opinión que se tiene en el exterior de la Argentina incumplidora?. Es realmente muy poco probable.

Y en el interin, la diplomacia Argentina debe pronunciarse sobre la falta de Derechos Humanos en Cuba, sobre los problemas financieros que se trataran en la cumbre de Davos y previamente en el encuentro de Monterrey, donde brillaran como gemas un poco sordidas las dos deudas externas mas importantes del mundo: la de Irak y la Argentina, finalmente la embestida de los acreedores externos que en Estados Unidos ya han conseguido la eliminación de la tasa de justicia para iniciar

las acciones, abriendo el juego a los juicios y a algo que comienza a pensarse: el embargo de las retenciones a las exportaciones argentinas, fondos destinados al erario público, no a los particulares, por lo tanto materia de discusión para acreedores duros.

Los ingleses -entre tanto- siguen pausadamente su trabajo de pequeños pasos mientras que en la presidencia la enfermedad infantil plasma los esfuerzos de crear un cliche inevitable, que irrumpiría en la politica argentina con la fuerza de una desatado presidente sorprendentemente aficionado a la diplomacia de la tauromaquia internacional, a las encuestas y a los plesbiscitos no vinculantes.

Braden o Peron fué el slogan del 45, FMI o Kircher sería la falsa rebelión del 2004.

Kirchner o Bush sería el planteo mas surrealista y a la vez invalidante para cualquier diplomacia que se pretenda expresión de intereses igualmente crudos y concretos.

Entre tanto, los vendavales piketeriles anunciados para diciembre no se cumplieron y todo semeja mas bien a un amable y satírico relato de Tom Wolfe: piketeros invitados a un lugar con buena musica, y como anfitriones, el matrimonio Kirhner, amables, cautelosos, mirando detalladamente la vajilla faltante. Y afuera la clase media, dividida entre el proyecto del empresariado nacional y las añoranzas de los buenos tiempos, del buen consumo, de los buenos viajes, de las becas para los jóvenes, del primer mundo en fin .

Entre tanto, los ingleses se vuelcan hacia cosas menos retóricas. Su analisis geopolítico es concreto, incluye el eventual apoyo de Brasil y Chile con o sin el MERCOSUR, piensan en la necesidad de un nuevo aeropuerto internacional en Malvinas para optimizar los costos mientras sugieren, un poco declarativamente, que estan intentando despejar los problemas politicos

con la poco nombrada Argentina mientras estudian utilizar aviones Fokker de 100 plazas mas o menos: incluyendo trafico de pasajeros, carga y algo esencial: el correo.

No parece ser casual que los interesados en la aventura aérea conozcan muy bien la Argentina. Han trabajado por años en Aerolineas y uno de ellos es un veterano de la RAF, de las guerras aereas y de esos otros lugares en donde se ha expandido el viejo y oxidado imperio. La simpatía que sienten por Chile es destacable.

Y el nacionalismo británico subyace en una charla de aparentes y algo prosaicos negocios que no lo son tanto.

En Buenos Aires siguen las fatalistas, experimentadas y fracasadas reduccionistas formulas, aplicadas a la política internacional, del montonerismo militante. Otro tic de la enfermedad en curso.

El Buenos Aires Herald, órgano paraoficial de la diplomacia de la isla grande hace una pregunta incisiva, hasta para el mas sordo de los funcionarios. Cuba es realmente mas importante para los argentinos que los Estados Unidos? Ocurre que Cuba para la izquierda argentina y los montoneros -estos útimos pueden reconocerse casi por igual en la derecha o en la izquierda-, es el equivalente romantico de la guerra civil española de los 30, para la generación de los 70.

Es un bloque macizo de graníticas historias personales que resulta dificil analizar en terminos actuales. Kirchner, un hombre de los 70 iniciaticos forma parte de esa mitología. Entre tanto el problema estrategico pasa por la visión que poseen los neomontoneros de la relación internacional, al cual le faltan ingredientes básicos para hacerla creible: el rol de la Union Europea, como reemplazante de la vieja URSS, el crecimiento político no solo económico de ese extraño grupo de países, China, India, Brasil que apuntan al multipolarismo comercial pero -con excepción de Lula - con un bajo perfil político y el tratar de colocar, en un inverosimil paraguas diplomático la existencia de regímenes stalinistas de retaguardia ,justamente como el de Castro y entendiendo al terrorismo o a los terroristas como fenómenos individuales, unívocos, no ligados por ningún entramado ni logistico, ni financiero ni operacional. Este pensamiento sociológico quedó hecho trizas el 11 de septiembre porque la cuestión no pasa ni por el terrorismo irlandes ni por el terrorismo vasco, ni por las celulas dormidas y un poco adolescentes del terrorismo corso. El problema central es que el 99 por ciento de las acciones terroristas antes de la guerra en Afghanistan e Irak eran de origen y motivación claramente islámica y ese es el problema que se presenta frente a un oponente que desprecia a los viejos y extremos Occidentes, porque entiende que el culto de la vida, en verdad de la hipervida, ha reemplazado al culto fascista y viril de la muerte que se reconoce, sin vueltas, en la mejor tradición del islamismo militante.

Historias socioculturales para seguir.

Edgardo Arrivillaga.

 

Airline company for the Falklands to Uruguay route.

ONE TO ONE WITH CHARLES ROBERTS
by Sue Gyford

Today's programme features an interview with Charles Roberts (CR). Charles was in the Falklands in mid December, researching the potential for a business venture that could make a big difference to the Islands. He and his business partners want to set up a twice-weekly air link between MPA and Montevideo in Uruguay. With feelings running so high between the Falklands and Argentina on flights to Chile, he thinks he may have hit on a viable alternative, or additional route. First of all, I asked him to explain a little about his own background.

CR: I was born in Argentina of a British father. My father came out from England in 1924 to work as a civil engineer to work on the British owned railways in Argentina. My father married locally and we were pretty much kept up in a British atmosphere at home. I was sent to St. George's College, where I knew a lot of Falkland Islanders had gone. And, right after my education I had been in Airlines. I had been exactly 43 years in Airlines - in various foreign Airlines. I would mention Pluna, a Uruguayan Airline, Sabana, Canadian Pacific, and lately I represent both Pluna and Varig.

SG: And when you say Airlines, that's business or as a pilot?

CR: No. For the first 15 years of my experience, I have been as an operational - I was at airports. In fact, I had been a station manager in four Airlines. But lately, I have been on the commercial side.

SG: And, this is your first visit to the Islands?

CR: This is my first visit and I have enjoyed it immensely.

SG: Obviously, as you say, you are representing an airline. What is the proposition that's brought you here?

CR: There are a group of us that are involved in this project. The mentor is Captain Ronnie Daintree.

SG: And a group of individuals or?

CR: Individuals. We don't exactly represent our company. We represent sort of a sporting venture. I will tell you something about Ronnie Daintree - Ronnie Daintree is almost 80. He joined very young, he joined in the 2nd World War he joined the Royal Airforce Voluntary Reserve. He was trained as a bomber pilot and he served in India and Burma. And eventually he was demobilised and he returned to Argentina and most of the time he was a pilot in the Argentine Flag Carrier, Aerolineas Argenttinas. He has logged 29 Thousand flight hours. And, he'd been on to me for quite a while asking why we didn't do something to get a good, faster link to the Falklands.

So, we obviously looked at the map and realised that Montevideo, Buenos Aires and Sao Paulo were obvious hubs to connect to the Islands because the flight time in a jet is 2 hours and 40 minutes. And, of course, you look at Montevideo, it's been the traditional transit point for Falkland Islanders. So, we have been into the question operationally, commercially and the type of aircraft and the costs.

And, obviously, there are certain political questions have arisen, which we knew vaguely about but now we have gone into deeply. But you realise we are businessmen, Airline men really, and we feel that we feel the political situation is handled by Governments at a higher level and there are people who are properly trained for that.

SG: Perhaps we could look at the two sides one at a time. First of all, business and then politics. In terms of business, you think this is actually viable proposition for you?

CR: I personally think it's a viable proposition. We worked out costs. I dare not give you the price of a ticket. I mean, I would really be lying to you because I had to dome down to do research on the local costs, customs clearance, landing fees, fuel costs, etc.

SG: And you are talking about a regularly scheduled flight?

CR: We are talking about a regular scheduled flights that would carry passengers, cargo and airmail.

SG: Would this be weekly?

CR: We thought of - we realised that people here probably don't want to stay a week but three or four days so we'd have to make a further study but the idea is to have two flights a week.

SG: What have you found here in terms of logistics and costing?

CR: Well, I'm still digesting all the figures. You realise landing fees all over the world are extremely expensive and we have to see that with respect to our costs. I realise, obviously, costs are high in an airport where you only have one or two flights a week or you have a charter flight now and then. Obviously, it isn't like other international airports where you have a lot of flights and therefore your costs are reduced, where you have a permanent staff of customs and immigrations.

SG: And, you have the available aircraft to use on this?

CR: Yes. At the moment we are thinking in terms of a Fokker 100, which carries about 100 seats and would be registered in Uruguay - a Uruguayan Company - and would be flown by Uruguayan Personnel.

SG: If you go back and your colleagues are all satisfied with what you found, what would be the time-scale? When would you be hoping to start?

CR: The aircraft is almost available. And, of course, we realise it's not that easy. We have come across, as we say, the political situation, which we are looking into very carefully. And, I've learned a lot on this trip - things that I just didn't know.

SG: Absolutely. Well, as you say, flights are a very contentious issue, particularly at the moment. Presumably the advantage of this route is that you avoid using Argentine Airspace.

CR: Well, yes and no. I mean, internationally, whether you like it or not, if any aircraft can go into a problem, if it can't land in Stanley because of bad weather, it will have to divert somewhere. Obviously the nearest is Argentina. It's something we are going to look into very carefully.

Obviously, the Argentine authorities are not going to ignore the existence of a new link from Uruguay to the Falklands.

SG: But you would need permissions from them. It would be permissions from Uruguay and from this end in order to make the journey.

CR: Right. There are two permissions, obviously the permissions of the Uruguayan Government and the British Government - or the local Government here.

SG: OK and what sort of feedback have you had from local people in businesses? Are they keen to see this link?

CR: Yes. People are delighted, of course. And, I would like to make it very clear, I mean, LanChile have done a very good job. And, of course, we Airline people will stick together. We are like a, you know, like a clan. (he laughs) And, I wouldn't like to feel at any time that I am sort of being derogatory about LanChile. It's an excellent Airline, has very good service, excellent aircraft and, of course, I like the Chilean people very much. But this is like anything in the free enterprise world. You can want to do something and as I say, we are interested in producing this air link which is very much more logical than going around the world. I mean, crossing the Continent twice to get here.

SG: Where does your airline fly through at the moment?

CR: Wa well we are building it. I represent a Brazilian and a Uruguayan but this could be an air link which we would probably net Brazil, Uruguay, and the Falklands.

SG: So it essentially would be a brand new link?

CR: A brand new link.

SG: And a brand new Company?

CR: A brand new Company, yes.

SG: Presumably once people arrived in Montevideo they would be able to transfer on to international flights?

CR: Exactly. That is the idea. We are going to study our schedules in such a way that anybody going northbound would be able to connect to whatever Airline they want to go to any part of the world. And, southbound likewise.

You know we will be able to connect Uruguay to the Falklands without having to overnight or, which, of course, always increases everybody's costs.

SG: And, what happens next. You are heading back out on Saturday.

CR: I am heading back, I am going to meet up with all my friends and we are going to study this very carefully. I've got a lot of ideas in my head, which I still have to process. And, I think I will be back again, realise there is obviously a problem we have slightly opened up, which is the political side of it.

SG: What difficulties do you face on the political side?

CR: Something we don't know really. I am terribly optimistic because after all, we are not doing anything strange just we are in business and we are just building a link. There's nothing - we are not, shall we say, we don't want to get involved politically.

SG: Have you met with representatives of the Government while you have been here? Did you just meet with private individuals?

CR: I have met with private individuals and representatives of Government and all have been very kind and, I must say, they have been super. I have never been received so well. I never expected such an excellent reception. And, I would like to thank all the Falkland Islanders. I have never seen such warm people and I felt really at home, you know, home away from home.

 

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